Court Rule 7:12-4. Violations Bureau; Designation; Functions
7:12-4. Violations Bureau; Designation; Functions
(a) Establishment.If the court determines that the efficient disposition of its business and the convenience of defendants so requires, it may establish a violations bureau and designate the violations clerk. The violations clerk may be the municipal court administrator, the deputy court administrator, other employee of the court, or, with the prior approval of the Supreme Court, any other appropriate official or employee of the municipality, except any elected official or any officer or employee of a police department in the municipality in which the court is held. If no municipal official or employee of the municipality is available, any other suitable and responsible person may be appointed subject to the prior approval of the Supreme Court. The judge designated to preside over a joint or central municipal court may establish a violations bureau. The violations clerk may be the municipal court administrator, the deputy court administrator, other employee of the joint or central municipal court, or, with the prior approval of the Supreme Court, any other appropriate official or employee of the municipality in the instance of a central municipal court or of any of the municipalities comprising the joint municipal court, except any elected official or any officer or employee of a police department in the municipality in which the court is held. If no such municipal official or employee is available, any other suitable and responsible person may be appointed subject to the prior approval of the Supreme Court. The violations clerk shall accept appearances, waiver of trial, pleas of guilty and payments of fines and costs in non-indictable offenses, subject to the limitations as provided by law or Part VII of the Rules of Court or the Statewide Violations Bureau Schedule approved by the Supreme Court. The violations clerk shall serve under the direction and control of the designating court.
(b) Location.Whenever practical, the violations bureau shall be in a public building. The location shall be designated by the court subject to the approval of the Administrative Director of the Courts, and the violations clerk shall take pleas and accept payment of fines and costs only at such location. An appropriate sign reading Violations Bureau, __________ Municipal Court shall be posted at the entrance to the violations bureau.
(c) Designated Offenses; Schedule of Penalties.The court shall establish by order a Local Supplemental Violations Bureau Schedule, which may from time to time be amended, supplemented or repealed, designating the non-indictable offenses within the authority of the violations clerk, provided that such offenses shall not include:
(1)non-parking traffic offenses requiring an increased penalty for a subsequent violation;
(2)offenses involving traffic accidents resulting in personal injury;
(3)operation of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a narcotic or habit-producing drug or permitting another person who is under such influence to operate a motor vehicle owned by the defendant or in his or her custody or control;
(5)careless driving where there has been an accident resulting in personal injury;
(6)leaving the scene of an accident;
(7)driving while on the revoked list; or
(8)driving without a valid drivers license.
The Local Supplemental Violations Bureau Schedule shall be submitted to and approved by the Assignment Judge of the county in which the court is located. It shall specify the amount of fines, costs and statutory penalties to be imposed for each offense within the authority of the violations clerk, including, in the discretion of the court, higher fines, costs and penalties for second and subsequent offenses, provided such fines, costs and penalties are within the limits declared by statute or ordinance. The Statewide Violations Bureau Schedule and the Local Supplemental Violations Bureau Schedule shall be posted for public view at the violations bureau.
(d) Plea and Payment of Fines, Costs and Penalties.A person charged with an offense within the authority of the violations clerk, may, upon ascertaining the fines, costs and penalties established by the Statewide Violations Bureau Schedule or Local Supplemental Violations Bureau Schedule for the offense charged, pay the same, either by mail or in person, to the violations clerk on or before the return date of the summons, provided that when the summons is marked to indicate that a court appearance is required, payment may not be made to the violations clerk even though the offense is on the Statewide Violations Bureau Schedule or Local Supplemental Violations Bureau Schedule. The tender of payment for an offense to the Violations Bureau, without a signed guilty plea and waiver, may be accepted by the clerk, and shall have the effect of a guilty plea. The court may process the payment and enter a guilty finding to the offense on its records. That finding shall be subject to being reopened subject to R. 7:10-1, in the courts discretion, on motion by either the court or the defendant. If the defendant is a corporation, partnership or unincorporated association, the plea and waiver may be signed or payment may be made on its behalf by any of its agents or employees. The court in its discretion may authorize the violations clerk to accept such plea and payment after the return date of the summons.
Vercammens Law office represents individuals charged with criminal,
drug offenses, and serious traffic violations throughout New
Jersey. Our office helps people with traffic/ municipal court
tickets including drivers charged with Driving While Intoxicated,
Refusal and Driving While Suspended.
Vercammen was the NJ State Bar Municipal Court Attorney of the
Year and past president of the Middlesex County Municipal Prosecutors
and Motor vehicle violations can cost you. You will have to
pay fines in court or receive points on your drivers license.
An accumulation of too many points, or certain moving violations
may require you to pay expensive surcharges to the N.J. DMV
[Division of Motor Vehicles] or have your license suspended.
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